Nobel Prize lectures in Economic Sciences are examined in this contribution as anexample of highly specialized discourse, reflecting all the features of a genre relevantto a discourse community (Flowerdew 2015). A corpus has been built, including allthe 29 lectures delivered by the winners over a time span of fifteen years (2001-2015);the written version of the lectures has been considered in order to identify patterns ofargumentation (Hyland 2013, van Eemeren 2019). An integrated methodology has beenadopted, combining a corpus and a discourse perspective. The results of the analysishave shown examples of lexical indexicality and underlined some discourse markers, bethey causal, temporal, additive or hypothetical, frequently adopted to develop the topics.Discourse analysis has shown how argumentation is constructed across a variety of fieldsthrough the exposition of models, methods and theories, at a symptomatic, comparativeand causal level (van Eemeren – Grootendorst 1992). Particularly, comparative and causalfeatures of the language have been illustrated with reference to “expectation”, which isthe most prominent domain in this context. Moreover, some rhetorical strategies havebeen presented, such as the use of questions, narrative and figurative language, whichcharacterize the relationship between the Lecturer and the audience.
Jan 27, 2021